India (Hindi: भारत), is the largest country in the Indian Subcontinent and shares borders with Pakistan to the west, China and Nepal to the north, Bhutan to the north-east, and Bangladesh and Myanmar to the east. Sri Lanka lies to the south, Maldives to the south-west and Indonesia to the south-east of India in the Indian Ocean.
India is the seventh largest country in the world by area and, with over a billion people, is second only to China in population, although its much higher birthrate makes it likely to reach pole position in less than ten years.
It is an extremely diverse country, with vast differences in geography, climate, culture, language and ethnicity across its expanse, and prides itself on being the largest democracy on Earth.
Government Federal Parliamentary Republic
Currency Indian Rupee (र)
Area total: 3,287,263 km2
water: 314,070 km2
land: 2,973,193 km2
Population 1,210,193,422 (provisional total as per 2011 census)
Language Hindi, English and 21 other official languages
Religion Hindu 81.3%, Muslim 12%, Christian 2.3%, Sikh 1.9%, other groups including Buddhist, Jain, Parsi 2.5% (2000)
Electricity 230V/50Hz, Indian (Old British)/European plugs
Country code +91
Internet TLD .in
Time Zone UTC+5.5
Emergencies dial 100 for police
101 for fire
112 for medical