Cities in Uzbekistan
* Tashkent — the modern capital and largest city.
* Andijan — Uzbekistan’s fourth largest city, right in the heart of the vibrant but combustible Ferghana Valley.
* Bukhara — a legendary Silk Road capital, 2,500 years old, the historical center of which is a UNESCO World Heritage site filled with magnificent examples of monumental, medieval Islamic and Central Asian architecture.
* Khiva, site of the Itchan Kala
* Namangan — the third largest city, at the northern edge of the Ferghana Valley.
* Nukus — the capital of Qaraqalpaqstan on the Amu Darya, surrounded by a region devastated by the environmental degradation wrought by the drying of the Aral Sea.
* Samarkand — the nation’s second largest city, the whole of which is a UNESCO World Heritage site, home to the most famous Silk Road attraction of them all, the Registan.
* Shakhrisabz — a small city, whose historical center is a UNESCO World Heritage site for its impressive monuments from the Timurid Dynasty.
* Termez — the southernmost city near the border with Afghanistan, named by Alexander the Great’s forces for the intense temperatures they found here (thermos = hot).
Several of these were once great trading cities on the Silk Road.